There are two main types of glaucoma. The most common is open angle glaucoma. With this condition, the fluid in the eye is not draining properly through the trabecular meshwork. There are generally no symptoms in the early stages of this type of glaucoma.
The second type is closed angle glaucoma. This is a sudden build-up of pressure and poor drainage caused when the angles in between the cornea and the iris are too narrow. This can cause severe eye pain, redness of the eyes, blurred vision or halos around lights. Angle closure requires immediate medical attention to avoid permanent damage to the eye.
Glaucoma often has no symptoms; however, there are certain factors that increase the risk of glaucoma. These include:
- A family history of glaucoma
- Age of 45 or older without regular eye exams
- Abnormally high eye pressure
- African descent
- Previous eye injury
- Regular/long term use of Prednisone or other corticosteroid products