The macula is the central area of the thin nerve layer in the back of the eye called the retina. The fovea is located in the center of the macula. This area is responsible for our sharp central vision and for vivid color vision. Macular degeneration is a serious eye disease that can lead to vision loss.
There are two forms of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Wet AMD is more serious but also more treatable and far less common. Dry AMD is more widespread and more difficult to treat. Still, in either case, early detection is absolutely vital to preserving vision.